With India as its central focus, the program encompasses in its scope, Indian politics, internal and external challenges that emerge out of Indian policy frameworks, the evolution in Indian political thought, political institutions and processes in addition to India’s political economy. It is, furthermore, dedicated to exploring the nuances of Indian policy frameworks with reference to the global South, its engagement with the world and, most importantly, its presence in the region as a significant power contender. The program also mirrors the advances and more novel developments, with discussions ranging from subjects as abstract as non-traditional security threats, to those as concrete as insurgencies going on within India. Indian political and military occupation of Jammu and Kashmir is a paramount feature of the program.
The China Program covers China’s political, economic, and strategic relations with its South Asian neighbours and, more importantly, the United States. It also looks at China’s security issues in the Pacific region and the South China Sea. The focus areas of research and analyses include China-US strategic competition, Indo-China relations, China’s economic rise, its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), particularly, the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), conflicting perspectives between Western and Chinese media, China’s governance and development model, the Chinese way of international relations and, China’s advancement and emerging leadership in Science and innovation.
The Afghanistan Program covers Afghanistan’s political, economic, and strategic relations in and across the region. It also looks at the latest developments in Afghanistan and their importance and impact on the South Asian region. This program aims to provide insightful and detailed research and analysis on issues related to Afghanistan, specifically those with direct impact on Pakistan and the South Asian region. Security imperatives in Afghanistan which bear the potential to alter the dynamics of peace and stability across the region constitute a core interest of the program. The revival of Taliban and the consequent reorientation in the policy outlook of the West towards Afghanistan as a war-ridden area and the region as a whole is also of keen interest for the program.
Pakistan shares a 960 km border with Iran to its south-west. Owing to its geographical contiguity as well as longstanding political and cultural ties with the populations inhabiting Pakistan, Iran is an important neighbouring country of Pakistan. The Iran Program covers Iranian political, economic, and strategic relations with its neighbours and the United States. It also looks at the latest developments in Iran and their impact on its neighbours. This program aims to provide insightful and detailed research and analysis on issues related to Iran, specifically those directly impacting Pakistan and South and West Asia.
Cyber Security Program
Cyber threats have emerged as a global risk for the governments, private sector and non-governmental organisations to deal with. The foremost challenge associated with cyber security lies in effective threat assessment measures before, during, and after cyber-attacks. IRS aims to elaborate the nuances of cyber security and related capacity building in addition to relevant expertise development among policymakers via its Cyber Security Program. It does so by publishing in-depth policy research, conducting webinars/seminars, conferences and workshops.
Strengthening Regional Climate Resilience Program
The program seeks to address the challenges of climate change and its effects on the environment and society. The program will focus on regional solutions to climate change, such as ecology and environmental protection, disaster risk management, food security, water security, energy security, climate hotspots and outmigration. Through a comprehensive research and policy approach, the program will work to identify and provide solutions to these challenges in order to build a more resilient and sustainable future.
Regional Conflicts and Human Security Program
The concepts of conflict and human security have considerably changed in today’s world. Whether it is interstate or intrastate, territorial or non-territorial, modern technology has completely altered the spectrum of all conflicts. Similarly, human security has now gained an important place in the state’s hardcore national security. Nevertheless, the analogy between conflict and human security has remained deep and intertwined. Thus, the changing geopolitical, geostrategic, and geo-economic dynamics of South Asia and Southwest Asia demand both philosophical and practical reappraisal of regional conflicts and human security issues. This program is specially designed to produce systematic and research-based knowledge with a problem-solving approach about protracted and evolving conflicts, and emerging issues in human security for a broader audience.